Permaculture offers principles and ethics that can help us design the way we live and interact to move beyond sustainability and into regeneration. Permaculture applies ecological design  to integrated systems where the built environment, natural systems, appropriate technology, productive landscape and humans overlap.

Permaculture is a sustainable practice that can apply to many fields and practitioners.

  • Campground
  • Accommodation
  • Rest home
  • School or education facility
  •  Hospital or healthcare facility
  • Community centre
  • Farm, horticulture, agriculture
  • Public parks and recreation areas
  • Home, suburban section, lifestyle block, large holding

The co=founders of permaculture David Holmgren and Bill Mollison describe permaculture like this:

“Consciously designed landscapes which mimic the patterns and relationships found in nature, while yielding an abundance of food, fibre and energy for provision of local needs.” and “I see permaculture as the use of systems thinking and design principles that provide the organizing framework for implementing the above vision.”

(Holmgren, 2002, p xix Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability Beyond Sustainablility)

“Permaculture (permanent agriculture) is the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems.”

Bill Mollison from Permaculture: A Designers Manual

(Mollison, 1988, as cited in Permaculture in New Zealand Website, 2009)

A guild in Otago Polytechnic’s “Living Campus”

A short more precise description of David Holmgren’s would be a “design system based on ecological principles”


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